In addition, the  23. 93 million — up from 4. 7 percent between  01. 88 percent. 2020 Across the Xinjiang region, birth rates continue to plummet, But while equal on paper, in practice Han Chinese are largely spared the  19. The Han population in China's western region of Xinjiang grew faster than the ethnic minority Uygur population over the last decade, according to the results of the 2020 national census. Chinese historians refute Uyghur nationalist claims by pointing out the 2000-year history of Han settlement in Xinjiang, documenting the history of Mongol, Kazakh, Uzbek, Manchu, Hui, Xibo indigenes in Xinjiang and by emphasizing the relatively late "westward migration" of the Huihe (unturkified Uyghurs in Chinese) people from Mongolia the 9th With nine percent of Xinjiang's population, Ürümqi accounts for 25 percent of the region's GDP; many rural Uyghurs have migrated to the city for work in its light, heavy and petrochemical industries. A series of violent incidents in China involving Uyghurs has focused increasing attention on the Turkic Muslim minority group and on the religious and political situation in their homeland, China’s vast northwestern province known as the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR or East Turkistan). The largest of these groups are the Han Chinese and  14. 15 percentage points higher than the national average in the compound annual growth rate (CAGR), said the white paper. 09. 2021 The combined population of all Chinese ethnic minorities in northwest an increase of over 1. 2021 "The problem in southern Xinjiang is mainly the unbalanced population structure the proportion of the Han population is too low," Mr Liu Yilei,  16. In the eyes of Chinese officials, the current measures taken are simply “correcting” lax birth controls for minorities. Xinjiang over the last 70 years has experienced a rapid demographic shift. Location: Xinjiang is situated in the northeastern border area of China. Since that time, the proportion of Han in the population has risen from 4 percent to at least 42 percent, and is now roughly equal to the other major That means the Uyghur population in Xinjiang grew by a staggering 25. 27. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 The percentage of Han Chinese in the region has gradually been rising. There is a general fear that Kashgar and the southwest region could explode and be harder to contain. 8 million during the eight-year period, while Chinese government figures show a smaller increase in Han population from 8. This would dilute Uyghur population concentrations in line with Projections show reduced minority birth rates could raise the proportion of Han Chinese -- a majority in the rest of China -- from the current 8. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 The percentage of ethnic Han Chinese in Xinjiang has grown from 6 percent in 1949 [14] to an official tally of over 40 percent at present. 87 million, while Uighurs made up 75  take up the rest at eight percent. 2020 Recently, the German anti-China scholar Adrian Zenz published a so-called "research report" titled "Sterilizations, IUDs and Mandatory Birth  21. Map 5. By 2040, the state could boost Han population shares in southern Xinjiang to nearly 25 percent by settling 1. In 1949, Han Chinese made up five percent of the population in Xinjiang. Yet, the 55 ethnic minorities, residing on the northern, southern and western frontier of China, maintain their own rich traditions and customs For example, before the 2009 ethnic unrest in Urumqi, Yang Shengming’s published survey on ethnic problems in Xinjiang claimed that Uighurs had a stronger sense of national identity than even Han Chinese, and that Uighurs and Han Chinese showed similarly high levels of support for inter-ethnic marriage. 03. There are 47 ethnic groups in Xinjiang, mainly the Uygur, Han, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Xibe, Tajik, Ozbek, Manchu, Daur, Tatar and In Urumqi, the capital of the province, the city is 70 percent Han Chinese. 24 percent were of Han ethnicity, 11,624,257 persons or  14. 4 percent, based on an analysis The report stated that a 200-page Shawan government surveillance feasibility study in 2015 found the 484 existing cameras for its population of 200,000 (77 percent Han Chinese, 18 percent ethnic Kazakh, and five percent ethnic Uyghur) was insufficient, and recommended authorities install “4,791 networked HD cameras, 70 of which were to be 2008). The Han Chinese had fallen to only 6 percent. ETHNIC STRATIFICATION IN NORTHWEST CHINA 325 MAP 1. 1 The Xinjiang Data Project brings together rigorous, empirical research on the human rights situation for Uyghurs and other non-Han nationalities in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) in western China. Only the elderly and the very docile are left in the villages. The proportion of Han in the Xinjiang, which is as vast and distant from Beijing as Xizang, is the minority area next in demographic and political significance. It promulgated its own ambitious plans to colonize Xinjiang with one million Chinese refugees (the region’s indigenous population was under 4 million). 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 The Uighurs today account for less than half Xinjiang’s population (45 percent) and the influx of Han Chinese, which has increased on the basis of the recent oil and gas boom, means the Han now account for at least 41 percent of the population, and are a clear majority in major cities like Ürümqi. The Han accounted for 97 percent of the total population and the 55 minority nationalities constituted the remaining three percent. 82 million, an increase of 3. 2021 In counties where the population was at least 90% non-Han Chinese, the birthrate dropped by an average 56. 2008). News June 16, 2020 1:33 pm Witness to discrimination: Confessions of a Han Chinese from Xinjiang. groups in China. 2 million to 12. 2020 More than 40 different ethnic groups live in China's northwest region known as Xinjiang. 15. 05. The proportion of Han in the China reportedly sees a tiny percent of Hans population in Southern Xinjiang as a potential security concern and hence trying to populate the area with ethnic population. 5% of China’s total, based on the 2010 Census. 8 percent of the country’s population, according to Zenz’s findings, which are based on an analysis of official Chinese documents. In 1949 Uyghurs made up about three-quarters of the local population; today, they are just 42 percent, according to official statistics. The government has repeatedly said that abortions, sterilizations and IUD insertions in Xinjiang are voluntary, and on paper, both Han Chinese and Uyghurs can have two children. In 2004, per capita net income in Xinjiang was 7,600 yuan, but only 2,269 yuan in the countryside. portion of Han in Xinjiang rose dramatically, from 6. Between 2010 and 2018, the Uyghur population in Xinjiang grew by 25% (while Han population in that region grew by 2%). 84 million, so it is not surprising that 1. Han are a majority in the eastern and northern parts, and Uyghurs a majority (70 to more than 95 percent) in the south and west. 2021 Among Xinjiang's permanent population, the population of the Han ethnic group was 10,920,098 persons, accounting for 42. 36 million with a CAGR of 1. This migration has inflamed  19. Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has, since ancient times, been populated by many ethnic groups, including a great number of nomadic tribes and nations. The Uighurs trace descent to both the Turkic Uighurs and the pre-Turkic Indoeuropean Tocharians (or Tokharians), and fair-skin, hair and eyes, as well as other 'Caucasoid' physical traits, are not uncommon among them. ° The Turkic-speaking farmers and oasis-dwellers referred to today as Uyghur then made up about seventy Xinjiang's population growth from 2000 to 2020 was 1. Although Han Chinese play a vital role in Xinjiang’s economic development, they are perceived by many Uyghurs as reinforcing a colonial rule, monopoliz- According to China’s 2020 census, Han Chinese make up 42 percent of Xinjiang’s population and Uighurs nearly 45 percent. 74 percent of the population in the four prefectures in southern Xinjiang. This would dilute Uyghur population concentrations in line with counterterrorism targets. The physical environment of the region is simply too harsh to support large populations (by Chinese standards), even with modern agricultural and industrial technologies. 07. Of the total permanent population in Xinjiang, the Han ethnic group accounts for 42. The Uighurs today account for less than half Xinjiang’s population (45 percent) and the influx of Han Chinese, which has increased on the basis of the recent oil and gas boom, means the Han now account for at least 41 percent of the population, and are a clear majority in major cities like Ürümqi. So with the rail linkages into Urumqi, and we see, of course, Urumqi is now 80, 90 percent Han population, Uyghur a much smaller percentage, and then even I  12. The report states Uighur, Kazakh, Hui, Kyrgyz, and members of other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities constitute approximately 14. The other groups such as Han  The Han Dynasty set up a Frontier Command Headquarters in the Western Regions (a In the 19th century, the people of all the ethnic groups in Xinjiang  Nearly all Han Chinese in Xinjiang live in urban areas or XPCC the proportion of educational resources allocated to Uighur students is far below. 2020 "Han Chinese academics from Xinjiang have themselves written that the Uyghurs resist any type of contraceptive (and especially sterilization),"  19. 27 million, a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3. in 1953, Xinjiang had a population of 4. 03. 06. According to Zenz and Rosenberg, Beijing is also planning to settle 300,000 Han people in southern Xinjiang by 2022. Xinjiang Province, one of the five Minority Autonomous Regions in China is located in northwestern China with a total area of 1 ,626,000 square kilometers (635,000 square miles - With 80 percent of Xinjiang's health care services located in urban areas—which are now mainly populated by Han Chinese—little remains for the mostly rural Uyghur (and other minorities). As China has developed Xinjiang economically, the government has encouraged Han Chinese to migrate to the province. China is dominated by the Han majority, which comprises over 90 percent of the population, but is also home to 55 ethnic minorities. The largest segment of the remaining population is Han Chinese, with additional groups including Mongols, Tibetans, and others. [People’s Daily, 22 February 2005]. About 10 million Muslim Uyghurs (and other Muslim minorities) live in the Xinjiang province. Zenz also predicts that Beijing’s policies could increase the dominant Han Chinese population in southern Xinjiang by approximately 25 percent from its current 8. [10] The result is many people in rural areas seek out the services of unregistered medical clinics that are often below standards and staffed by The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. In 1949, the Han Chinese comprised only 6 percent of the population of Xinjiang, which was 75 percent Uyghur. 2 percent from a decade ago. The survey has found that the population of the country’s majority Han ethnic group in the region is 10. 62 million, or up 16. Much of this migration can be attributed to the Chinese Government’s incentives to migrate into the region. By Cha Naiyu, former Xinjiang resident. This paper focuses on Han migration to Xinjiang after 1949, the founding year of the People's Republic of China. 6) There are roughly 50,000 Chinese troops stationed in Xinjiang to ensure that freedom reigns. 12. 4 million population belonged to minority nationalities. 4 percent to 25 percent in the region. The proportion of centenarians is much lower in China than in developed number of centenarians in China as a whole, while the population of Xinjiang was  12. Percentage of Xinjiang Population Classified as Han by County, 1998. 7% of Xinjiang’s population in 1949 and 40% in 2008. -led global anti-China alliance designed for encircling and containing a rising socialist China from all of China's peripheries--from Mongolia, South Korea, Japan Projections show reduced minority birthrates could raise the proportion of Han Chinese -- a majority in the rest of China -- from the current 8. 92 million or 42. 2018 One of the first waves of Han migration into East Turkestan was facilitated by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps,  05. 8 million to 9 million. But though Xinjiang’s performance is satisfactory, provincial-level rankings hide huge disparities in the distribution of gross domestic product at the county and city level in Xinjiang. 16. 5 to 9. 2021 Unlike the majority Han Chinese, who are primarily Chinese Uyghurs made up 46 percent and Kazakhs 7 percent of the Xinjiang population. 24 percent,  The name, Xinjiang, means 'new frontier' in Mandarin, which many Uyghur While Han Chinese have been able to secure employment, ethnic Uyghurs have been  15. The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. In order to foster development and to integrate Xinjiang more fully into China, Beijing has tried various programs, one of these being the migration of Han Chinese to the region. 2021 In 60 BC, the Western Han Dynasty established the Western Regions Xinjiang's population in 2020, 13. Read more: The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. Their population grew by 1. This migration will ensure a larger percentage of Han in the region. Kong Yuanfeng , a migrant originally from Henan, said that when grid policing was initiated in 2016, Uyghur movement was sharply curtailed. Xinjiang’s Han population has increased in the region from 220,000 in 1949, to 8. The remaining 10,964,900 people or 59. The Chinese Nationalist government (KMT) first gained a foothold in the region in the early 1940s. Under China's one-child policy for Han This paper focuses on Han migration to Xinjiang after 1949, the founding year of the People's Republic of China. 2013 Muslim Uighurs make up around 45 percent of the region's population. China serves as home to 56 official ethnic groups. In the city of. 36 million with a compound annual growth rate of 1. While former  Xinjiang, autonomous region of China, occupying the northwestern corner of been accompanied by a great increase in the Han (Chinese) population there. Xinjiang’s total population of 23 million is made up of 45 percent Uyghur, 40 percent Han, and 15 percent other minorities. Chinese authorities attribute the decline to strict implementation of family planning policies with punishment for violations. Howell A, Fan C (2011) Migration and Inequality in Xinjiang: A Survey of Han and Uyghur Migrants in Urumqi. In the past decade, nearly 2 million Han Chinese have migrated into the Officials and academics describe the population share of Han Chinese, the China's national majority ethnic group, of 56 percent in northern Xinjiang as reasonable, while a Han population in The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. The Han people, however, form the large majority, with about 94 percent of the population. Although Han Chinese play a vital role in Xinjiang’s economic development, they are perceived by many Uyghurs as reinforcing a colonial rule, monopoliz- The percentage of ethnic Han Chinese in Xinjiang has grown from 6 percent in 1949 [14] to an official tally of over 40 percent at present. 1 The Uighurs today account for less than half Xinjiang’s population (45 percent) and the influx of Han Chinese, which has increased on the basis of the recent oil and gas boom, means the Han now account for at least 41 percent of the population, and are a clear majority in major cities like Ürümqi. 94 million Han people migrated to Xinjiang for work in the Numerous numbers of ethnic Uyghur Muslims are being held by Chinese authorities in western China’s Xinjiang under the guise of “re-education” against extremist thought—and the search for Six of these nine live in what has traditionally been known as Eastern (or Chinese) Turkestan, territory that became a province of China (Xinjiang) only in 1884 but which constitutes one sixth of China's total land area; until only very recently these six Muslim groups made up well over ninety percent of Xinjiang's population. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 China is the world’s largest producer of solar-grade polysilicon, and over 50 percent of the country’s production takes place in Xinjiang. Today, Xinjiang accounts for 17 percent of China's total landmass — an area roughly half the size of India — but less than 2 percent of its population. . 2020 But with mass-migration, the Han Chinese people, the main Chinese ethnic group, are now the second largest population group in Xinjiang. First of all, China's latest surge of suppression in Xinjiang is triggered by the emergence in the last two decades of a new Chinese security awareness that centers on an alleged U. Anti-Muslim speech in social media remained widespread The Han people (汉人 Hànrén) are the world's largest ethnicity, with one of the longest histories, mysterious origins, and many accomplishments. A community for discussing China and topics related to it. 2014 While the Han Chinese comprised just 6 percent of Xinjiang's population in 1949, they represented 39 percent of its people by 2010. According to the Council on Foreign Relations, Han Chinese made up around 6. 60-80 80-1 00 People's Republic of Chins tion aged 25-44 at census time,3 we drew a subsample of the labor Xinjiang’s Han population has increased in the region from 220,000 in 1949, to 8. 2021 Beijing [China], June 15 (ANI): The Han population in China's western region of Xinjiang grew faster than the ethnic minority Uygur  The mining and export of Xinjiang's oil and gas by a vast majority of Han workforce increases the Uyghur's sense that their region's resources are being  15. 2017 Studying the population change of China's various ethnic groups from a The proportion of minority-Han mixture households in total  15. The number of Uyghurs increased from 3. Population: Xinjiang region has a population of about 21 million, among whom 60 percent are ethnic minorities. Researchers note that Xinjiang is undergoing an expansion of the energy sector, including solar energy and polysilicon, and thousands of Uyghur workers have reportedly been transferred to work sites over Since the CCP came to power, there have been steady programs of Han Chinese – the majority ethnic group – migration to Xinjiang. Six of these nine live in what has traditionally been known as Eastern (or Chinese) Turkestan, territory that became a province of China (Xinjiang) only in 1884 but which constitutes one sixth of China's total land area; until only very recently these six Muslim groups made up well over ninety percent of Xinjiang's population. Previously, some anti-China forces and scholars, for example German "scholar" Adrian Zenz, cited the natural growth rate data on Uygurs from 2017 to 2018, which showed a decline, to say that China is "suppressing" the birth rates of ethnic groups. 2013 The Han in Xinjiang are immigrants from other provinces of China, in the cities and the overall Han population has a higher percentage  12. 4 to 25 percent in the Xinjiang region. 61 million in 1953 to 11. 2021 The census carried out in 2010 showed Uyghurs as comprising 45. 7) To aid harmony, economic development of the region since 1955 has been accompanied by large-scale immigration of Han Chinese, and pork dishes The Uighurs had grown to 75 percent of the total population by the 1953 census, with many, by then, living north of the mountains. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Projections show reduced minority birth rates could boost the proportion of Han Chinese from 8. In the past decade,  07. 4 million in 2008. Millions of ethnic Han Chinese were relocated into the region. This is at the heart of the conflict between Uighurs and the Chinese state,” said Byler. E-mail: webmaster@china. In the past decade, nearly 2 million Han Chinese have migrated into the Of the total permanent population in Xinjiang, the Han ethnic group accounts for 42. Sharing ancestry with the Turkish people, the culture and customs of the Uyghur are more Middle-Eastern than Chinese. The percentage of ethnic Han Chinese in Xinjiang has grown from 6 percent in 1949 to 40 percent at present. Uygurs, the largest ethnic group in the region, account for nearly 45 percent. 7 percent (220,000) to 40 percent (8. Most Uyghurs and Kazaks are Muslims. Han may be a plurality  26. 7 million Han people in Xinjiang, accounting for 40. Researchers note that Xinjiang is undergoing an expansion of the energy sector, including solar energy and polysilicon, and thousands of Uyghur workers have reportedly been transferred to work sites over Xinjiang is a province in China that borders Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Mongolia. 24 percent; that of  Uyghur Prediction: Increasing Han population has a positive effect on wages per capita. Uighurs made up 75 percent of the region's population in 1945, but make  chi, the capital of Xinjiang Uyghur Autono- ers by Han Chinese workers at a toy fac- the percentage of Uyghur drug-users who. According to data from the sixth national census conducted in 2010, the population in Xinjiang was 21. But now, thanks to large-scale immigration, the Chinese are back up to fully 40 percent of Xinjiang’s population, while the 10 million Uighurs are down to 45 percent. 2021 The article claims that the populations of Han Chinese and ethnic Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region grew more than 18 percent over the  15. 85 percent of the total population in Xinjiang. Resource-rich Xinjiang is China’s largest administrative division, comprising about one-sixth of the country’s territory. 86 million, or 14. ) Uighurs inhabited what is now the Chinese province of Xinjiang for centuries before the Chinese government seized the region in 1949. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Han Chinese, approximately 93% of the population, are the majority. The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China's vast population, and it is the elements of Han civilization regraded as "Chinese culture". International Journal of Conflict and Violence 4: 244–256. Now the ratio is 40 percent Han, and 45 percent Uyghur, although this is geographically uneven. Those countries major believes in Buddhist, Zoroastrianism, or some other early religions. 04 percent. 2020 China's Own Documents Show Potentially Genocidal Sterilization Plans in departments as reproduction restrictions loosen on Han Chinese. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 The Han population of Xinjiang was 6 percent in 1949; by 2011, it had risen to 38 percent, and it stands at 40 percent today. Xinjiang. 27 percent, in 10 years,  The People's Republic of China has directed the majority of Han migrants towards the sparsely populated Dzungaria (Junggar  China, like all other large states, is multi-ethnic. The numbers of abortions, sterilizations and The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. ’s population The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. 2013 More on: China Human Rights Terrorism and Counterterrorism This post the percentage of Han Chinese in Xinjiang has increased from more  10. 217k members in the China community. According to the seventh national census, China's inter-provincial floating population is 124. 5 billion Han people in the world, and they are about 19% of the In recent years, Xinjiang has attracted a large number of people to invest and do business in the region, thanks to its stable and harmonious environment. This represents the largest demographic change ever to The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. Xinjiang’s population growth from 2000 to 2020 was 1. 2016 Population issues in China are wide ranging. 24 percent, while ethnic minorities comprise 57. government said in a summary of the results released on Monday. 33 million by the time China launched reform and opening up in 1978, an increase of 8 Han Chinese make up about 88 percent of the settlement controlled by the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps, a state-run, semi-military organization that dominates cotton production and is The population of Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region grew more than 18 percent over the past decade, the fourth fastest growth rate among the nation's 31 provincial-level regions Of the total permanent population in Xinjiang, the Han ethnic group accounts for 42. 7 million, an increase of 25%. 2020 Growth rates fell by 84 percent in the two largest Uyghur prefectures Xinjiang's Han Chinese academic and government circles have  Using three case studies of Tibet, Inner Mongolia, and Xinjiang, the paper Areas with higher percentages of Han Chinese residents get more provisions of  04. 9 million Han. 10. 02. 1. S. This figure does not include military personnel or their families, or the many unregistered migrant workers. A significant cultural group in Xinjiang is known as Uyghur or Uighur. 85 million, ethnic minorities in Xinjiang totaled 14. 28. 2021 The population of Northwest China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region grew more than 18 percent over the past decade, the fourth fastest  28. 1 shows the distribution by county-level unit of Han in Xinjiang in 1998 The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. Han currently account for roughly 40% of Xinjiang's population, while about 45% are Uighurs. Urumqi, the majority is Han Chinese (73%), while the Uyghurs only  06. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 The population of ethnic minorities in the northwestern Chinese region of Xinjiang is nearly 15 million or more than 57 percent of the total inhabitants, the latest census data has shown. 68 per Map 5. 04. Also, life expectancy in Xinjiang has increased from just 30 to more than 74 since 1949. 08. The percentage of Han Chinese by Prefecture in Xinjiang, 2005. As more of China's majority ethnic Han citizens migrated to Xinjiang, changing the census figures, tensions developed between the two groups. 15 percentage points higher than the national average in the compound annual growth rate, the white paper said. 2017 The policies worked: in 1949 the Han population in Xinjiang was 5 percent of the province's total, in 1978 it was 40 percent. 2021 BEIJING--Xinjiang in far western China had the sharpest known decline Birthrates in largely minority counties fell 43. Kilic Kanat . This would dilute Uyghur population concentrations in line with Xinjiang's population growth from 2000 to 2020 was 1. This news follows China's recent adoption of a three-child policy [Abdulhamid Hosbas/Anadolu Agency/Getty-file photo] Projections show reduced minority birthrates could raise the proportion of Han Chinese -- a majority in the rest of China -- from the current 8. 4 percent, represent no fewer than 47 By 2040, the state could boost Han population shares in southern Xinjiang to nearly 25 percent by settling 1. There are 47 ethnic groups in Xinjiang, mainly the Uygur, Han, Kazak, Hui, Mongolian, Kirgiz, Xibe, Tajik, Ozbek, Manchu, Daur, Tatar and By 2040, the state could boost Han population shares in southern Xinjiang to nearly 25 percent by settling 1. Adrian Zenz on the new development said, “Increasing the Han population is seen as the number-one method to control southern Xinjiang and suppress the unrest that could be Most of the Han population growth came from migration from other parts of the country, the. 2020 Meanwhile, China is forcing over half a million Uighurs to work in cotton fields… Whistleblower Adrian Zenz has new revelations about how  Chinese. 1 Another Han Chinese citizen who left the southern Xinjiang city of Aksu in 2019 told me that he had seen a dramatic shift over the past five years as well. According to the sixth national census, conducted in 2010, the population of Xinjiang was 21. 2021 The largest group, the Han, makes up over 92% of China's vast population, Daur 达斡尔族, 131,992, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjian, Xinjiang. Zenz shows the Han Chinese population rising from 8. In Xinjiang, tension between Uighur Muslims and Han Chinese continued in parallel with the authorities’ suppression of Uighur language, culture, and religion and the promotion of the Han majority in political, economic, and cultural life. org. ” According to China’s 2020 census, Han Chinese make up 42 percent of Xinjiang’s population and Uighurs nearly 45 percent. Han in Xinjiang are older, better-educated and work in higher-paying professions than their Uyghur counterparts. 68 percent over Meanwhile, waves of mass migration from China's heartland have raised Xinjiang's Han population from six percent in 1949 to 37 percent in 2015, according to the latest official figures. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 While Uighurs and other non-Han peoples account for 60 percent of Xinjiang’s total population, in the countryside they make up three-quarters. 2006 A 1953 government census found that Han Chinese constituted 6 percent of the XUAR's population of 4. Within western China and autonomous regions, Han-minority inequality is a main source of ethnic discontent. By the 1980s, Han Chinese made up around forty percent (Becquelin 69). In addition to the aforementioned ethnic variables, we also consider the  14. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Answer (1 of 4): In the earliest time, Xinjiang belongs to some extinct ethnics, who was exterminated by Huns, or Turks, or Arabic or Mongols. 5 In 1949, Xinjiang's Han population constituted slightly more than six per cent (291,000) of the total 4,333,400. Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities face systemic repression and discrimination in the Chinese region of Xinjiang, but what’s it like to live there as a Han Chinese person? Xinjiang birth policies. 5% between 2017 and 2018. One Han Chinese businessman, who has lived in Xinjiang for 20 years, told us, on condition of anonymity, that: “Entire villages in Southern Xinjiang have been emptied of young and middle-aged people—all rounded up into ‘re-education’ classes. if there were a genocide taking place in Xinjiang, wouldn't we expect to see a refugee crisis? Xinjiang's population growth from 2000 to 2020 was 1. Uighur attacks, however, have sociological reasons rather than religious or Uygurs accounted for 83. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Most Han in Xinjiang, Western China, have settled—or been settled by state decree—in the region since the Chinese Communist Party won the Civil War and took control of China in 1949. Repression in China and Its Consequences in Xinjiang. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Xinjiang’s Han population has increased in the region from 220,000 in 1949, to 8. Reports of China’s Repression in Xinjiang The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. Han E, States U (2010) Boundaries, Discrimination, and Interethnic Conflict in Xinjiang, China. Data source: Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region Statistical Bureau (2006) . 2021 According to China's 2020 census, Han Chinese make up 42 percent of Xinjiang's population and Uighurs nearly 45 percent. 1 shows the distribution by county-level unit of Han in Xinjiang in 1998 According to China’s 2020 census, Han Chinese make up 42 percent of Xinjiang’s population and Uighurs nearly 45 percent. 2021 URUMQI, June 14 (Xinhua) -- The population of northwest China's Xinjiang in Xinjiang, the Han ethnic group accounts for 42. 45 million in 1953 — while Han Chinese comprised the remainder. 5 billion Han people in the world, and they are about 19% of the Uyghur Muslim Ethnic Separatism in Xinjiang, China Elizabeth Van Wie Davis Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies January 2008 Overview The April 1990 armed uprising in Baren marked an increase in Uyghur Muslim violence in Xinjiang, China. -led global anti-China alliance designed for encircling and containing a rising socialist China from all of China's peripheries--from Mongolia, South Korea, Japan Six local Han Chinese businesspeople working in real estate, agriculture, services and retail estimated that the city population had halved from between 500,000-600,000 to about 200,000-300,000 ETHNIC STRATIFICATION IN NORTHWEST CHINA 325 MAP 1. ETHNIC CHINESE (HAN) AS A PERCENTAGE OF THE TOTAL PREFECTURE'S POPULATION: XINJIANG, 1990 Kzsu Kirgiz AP The Xinjiang Uygur Percent Ethnic ChineseAuomusRgn LI <20 20-40 - 40-60 . . 2018 Xinjiang has experienced a huge demographic shift in the last 70 years. They are 91% of China's population and are also the dominant ethnic group of Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. -led global anti-China alliance designed for encircling and containing a rising socialist China from all of China's peripheries--from Mongolia, South Korea, Japan The Han people (汉人 Hànrén) are the world's largest ethnicity, with one of the longest histories, mysterious origins, and many accomplishments. 2020 As China has developed Xinjiang economically, the government has encouraged Han Chinese to migrate to the province. In Northern Xinjiang, as in Xinjiang as a whole, the demographics are changing rapidly, and the foremost factor driving the transformation is Han migration. The Xinjiang region produces more than 20% of the world’s cotton and 84% of China’s, but according to a new report released on Tuesday by the Center for Global Policy there is significant ETHNIC STRATIFICATION IN NORTHWEST CHINA 325 MAP 1. The growing influx of Hans could exacerbate ethnic tensions if higher income jobs continue to be skewed towards them, said Hasmath, who cites 2002 and 2012 The Han population in China's western region of Xinjiang grew faster than the ethnic minority Uygur population over the last decade, according to the results of the 2020 national census. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Basic Information. 8 percent. According to Chinese government data, criminal arrests in Xinjiang accounted for an alarming 21% of all arrests in China in 2017, though the population in the XUAR is only about 1. Xinjiang's regional statistics bureau said the latest population census in 2010 showed that there were 8. A sculpture shows children in the Xinjiang city of Shihezi. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Resource-rich Xinjiang is China’s largest administrative division, comprising about one-sixth of the country’s territory. cn Tel: 86 Basic Information. 4 million) (Benson, 1990; SBX, 2010). 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 That means the Uyghur population in Xinjiang grew by a staggering 25. Xinjiang's Uyghur population grew faster than that of the Han between 2010 and 2018, and Xinjiang's birth control policies do not target any single ethnic minority group, she said. That means the Uyghur population in Xinjiang grew by a staggering 25. By the 1990s, Uyghurs and Kazakhs felt marginalized in their homeland and believed the policies unfairly benefitted the migrant population. Uyghur population in Xinjiang has doubled in the last forty years. 24 percent of the total. The percentage of Han Chinese in the region has gradually been rising. 08. There are about 1. Uighurs now comprise just 46 percent of the region’s population, and Han Chinese almost 40 percent. Ten years ago, riots between Uighurs and Han Chinese in the province's capital Urumqi left almost 200 people dead. The Uyghurs, who reside throughout the immediate region, are the largest Turkic 78 votes, 11 comments. 60-80 80-1 00 People's Republic of Chins tion aged 25-44 at census time,3 we drew a subsample of the labor The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. But they may soon lose their majority status as Han Chinese pour into  08. Despite a large-scale immigration of Han since the 1950s, in 1985 around 60 percent of Xinjiang's 13. The Chinese government does not count the number of workers that travel to Xinjiang, but reports say the Han population has risen dramatically, from 6. What is the current situation in Xinjiang? Over the past decade, major development projects have brought prosperity to Xinjiang's big cities. The Uighurs, who are predominantly Muslim, call the region East Turkestan For decades, massive in-migration of Han Chinese to Xinjiang has been  Uyghur women in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), While the Chinese government recruits Han Chinese from other parts of the People's  12. The Uighurs had grown to 75 percent of the total population by the 1953 census, with many, by then, living north of the mountains. View Article Google Scholar 12. That is a considerable change: In 2018, the region’s birth rate was 10. The proportion of Han Chinese in the population of Xinjiang leaped from 6 to 40 percent as a result of state-sponsored population transfers from other parts of China. 66 percent) were male  14. 69 per thousand. The number had grown to 12. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Xinjiang with Han Chinese, but this effort failed and most of the Han farmers returned east. This animosity led to a series of violent attacks by The largest ethnic group comprises some 7,497,700 Han people, accounting for 40. 2021 The demographic and cultural genocide of China's Uyghur population Adrian Zenz noted that the proportion of sterilised women in Xinjiang  15. The population of ethnic minorities in the northwestern Chinese region of Xinjiang is nearly 15 million or more than 57 percent of the total inhabitants, the latest census data has shown. Fig. 2021 "The so-called 'genocide' in Xinjiang is pure nonsense,” China's the proportion of Han residents and decrease the ratio of Uyghurs or  07. cn Tel: 86 First of all, China's latest surge of suppression in Xinjiang is triggered by the emergence in the last two decades of a new Chinese security awareness that centers on an alleged U. ° The Turkic-speaking farmers and oasis-dwellers referred to today as Uyghur then made up about seventy The report states Uighur, Kazakh, Hui, Kyrgyz, and members of other predominantly Muslim ethnic minorities constitute approximately 14. Two justifications—ethnic separatism and religious rhetoric—are given. 7 percent (220,000) in 1949 to 40 percent (8 The Han population of Xinjiang was 6 percent in 1949; by 2011, it had risen to 38 percent, and it stands at 40 percent today. In the same period, the Han Chinese population in Xinjiang increased by just 2 percent. Chinese authorities are sending Christian Uyghurs and even members of the Han Chinese majority to internment camps in China’s northwestern Xinjiang region, an indication that the regime’s "The Uyghur population from 2010 to 2018 increased from 10. 2014 Conflict in China's Xinjiang province inflamed by cultural and religious largest provinces - while Han Chinese constitute 40 percent,  05. 4 percent to 25 percent in the Uyghur "heartlands Xinjiang's population growth from 2000 to 2020 was 1. 11. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 In 2018, a stunning 80 percent of all newly placed IUDs in China were fitted in Xinjiang, even though the region makes up only 1. In the past decade, nearly 2 million Han Chinese have migrated into the Map 5. Han Chinese Continue to Dominate Top Leadership Positions in Xinjiang October 6, 2005 Minorities are still underrepresented in Xinjiang's party and government leadership, according to a series of reports on the State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC) Web site. 2021 Among the population of permanent residents in the region, 10,920,098 persons or 42. 7) To aid harmony, economic development of the region since 1955 has been accompanied by large-scale immigration of Han Chinese, and pork dishes Projections show reduced minority birthrates could raise the proportion of Han Chinese -- a majority in the rest of China -- from the current 8. 6 percent of the population of Xinjiang. Another Han Chinese citizen who left the southern Xinjiang city of Aksu in 2019 told me that he had seen a dramatic shift over the past five years as well. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 In the 160-page report, ‘Like We Were Enemies in a War’: China’s Mass Internment, Torture, and Persecution of Muslims in Xinjiang, Amnesty International’s Crisis Response team released dozens of new testimonies from former detainees detailing the extreme measures taken by Chinese authorities since 2017 to essentially root out the First of all, China's latest surge of suppression in Xinjiang is triggered by the emergence in the last two decades of a new Chinese security awareness that centers on an alleged U. In recent years, Xinjiang has attracted a large number of people to invest and do business in the region, thanks to its stable and harmonious environment. 1 percent of the total, and an increase The report cites census data indicating that of the region’s total population of 25. 35 million (51. 6 million residents in Xinjiang, or 63 percent of the total Xinjiang population. 62 million in 2020, and accounted for nearly 84 Officials and academics describe the population share of Han Chinese, the China’s national majority ethnic group, of 56 percent in northern Xinjiang as reasonable, while a Han population in southern Xinjiang of only eight percent is seen as a security concern, Zenz wrote in the 22-page report. 2 plots the trends in economic growth in Xinjiang since 1978 in terms of GDP per capita and annual economic growth rate, as well as the national average. 78 million, and by the time the second national census was conducted in 1964, its population had increased to 7. The Han migration also led to a demographic change in Xinjiang—between 1941 and 1980, the Han population grew from 5 percent to 40 percent while the Uyghur population fell from 80 percent to 45. 76 percent.

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